Compare and contrast words visually
Word sketch difference is used to compare and contrast two words by analysing their collocations and by displaying the collocates divided into categories based on grammatical relations.
Why use the Word Sketch?
The Word Sketch is a real timesaver, negating the need for reading thousands of concordance lines to draw conclusions. All information is readily available from one screen only.
In the screenshot below, Sketch Engine assigned the green colour to clever and the red colour to intelligent. Green collocates are more closely related to clever, red collocates to intelligent. Stronger colour indicates stronger collocations, e.g. it is more usual to say clever trick than intelligent trick, on the other hand, it is more natural to say intelligent robot than clever robot. White colour means similarity. Generally, the colour of the collocates is determined by the difference between the scores for the collocate with these two compared words (e.g. clever/intelligent).
How to generate a Word Sketch Difference?
To generate a Word Sketch, access the Word Sketch screen from the left menu (1):
(2) type the first lemma
(3) select the part of speech
Sketch diff by
lemma (4) type the second lemma
subcorpus (5) use this option to compare the behaviour of the same word in two different subcorpora, e.g. written or spoken language or academic and general language. Use the links to create new subcorpora. To use this option, only type one lemma in (2) and select the two subcorpora to compare.
word form (6) use this option to compare two-word forms of the same lemma; first type the lemma (2) and then the two-word forms
(7) click Show diff to display the results