• parallel corpus [ corpus-types ]

    A parallel corpus consists of the same text translated into one or more languages. The texts are aligned (matching segments, usual sentences, are linked). The corpus allows searches in one or both languages to look up or compare translations.  
  • PoS

    part of speech, some typical examples of parts of speech are: noun, adjective, verb, adverb etc.
  • POS tag [ attribute ]

    A POS tag is the same as tag.
  • POS tagger

    POS (part of speech) tagging is a process of annotating each token with a tag carrying information about the part of speech and often also morphological and grammatical information such as number, gender, case, tense etc. The automatic tagging tool is called a tagger or POS tagger. See also lemmatization stemming
  • positional attribute

    A positional attribute is information added to each token in a corpus, e.g. its lemma (basic form of a word) or part of speech. Attributes differ between corpora and even between corpora in the same language. For example, the attributes of the plural of the English word dog might look like this.
    word lemma tag lempos
    dogs dog n dog-n
    Attributes available in the corpus  are listed on the corpus statistics and detail page see also list of positional attributes  
  • preloaded corpus [ corpus-types ]

    a ready-to-use corpus included in Sketch Engine subscription or Trial access, not created by a user, e.g. British National Corpus
  • prevertical file

    A prevertical file is a text file that contains text and structures. Usually, it is a source file for creating vertical files which are created by the tokenization process from prevertical. An example of a prevertical file with corpus structures for documents, chapters, and paragraphs:
    <doc genre="fiction" title="1984" author="G. Orwell">
    <chapter no="1.1">
    It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen. Winston Smith, his chin nuzzled into his breast in an effort to escape the vile wind, slipped quickly through the glass doors of Victory Mansions, though not quickly enough to prevent a swirl of gritty dust from entering along with him.
    The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats. 
    Related topic: prepare a text for the vertical format.