A tagset is a list of part-of-speech tags (POS tags for short), i.e. labels used to indicate the part of speech and sometimes also other grammatical categories (case, tense etc.) of each token in a text corpus.

IFD Tagset – Icelandic part-of-speech tagset

IFD tagset is an Icelandic tagset of part-of-speech tags used with Icelandic corpora annotated by IceNLP which is an open source Natural Language Processing (NLP) toolkit for analyzing and processing Icelandic text.

Icelandic corpora

available in Sketch Engine

The following table shows part-of-speech tags from IFD Tagset.

An Example of a tag in the CQL concordance search box: [tag="fah.*"] finds all demonstrative pronouns in the accusative case, e.g. people, years (note: please make sure that you use straight double quotation marks)

Basic overview of Icelandic tagset

Part of speech Tag
adjective l.*
adverb a.*
article g.*
conjunction c.*
noun n.*
numeral t.*
pronoun f.*
verb s.*

Icelandic part-of-speech tags in detail


Noun

For example, to find all masculine plural nouns in accusative that are other proper names, use the following CQL tag: [tag="nkfo-s"] (empty/unused category is replaced with dash “-“)

Order Category/Feature Value Tag
1 Word class n noun
2 Gender k masculine
v feminine
h neuter
x unspecified
3 Number e singular
f plural
4 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive
5 Article g with suffixed definite article
6 Proper noun m person name
ö place name
s other proper name

Adjective

For example, to find all feminine singular adjectives in dative with strong declension and positive degree, use the following CQL tag: [tag="lveþsf"] (the latin small letter thorn “þ” can be copied from here; Unicode code: U+00FE)

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class l adjective
2 Gender k masculine
v feminine
h neuter
3 Number e singular
f plural
4 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive
5 Declension s strong declension
v weak declension
o indeclineable
6 Degree f positive
m comparative
e superlative

Pronoun

For example, to find all second-person personal pronouns in singular and the genitive case, use the following CQL tag: [tag="fp2ee"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class f pronoun
2 Subcategory a demonstrative
b reflexive
e possessive
o indefinite
p personal
s interrogative
t relative
3 Gender / Person k masculine
v feminine
h neuter
1 1st person
2 2nd person
4 Number e singular
f plural
5 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive

Article

For example, to find all masculine articles in the genitive (both singular and plural), use the following CQL tag: [tag="gk.e"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class g article
2 Gender k masculine
v feminine
h neuter
3 Number e singular
f plural
4 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive

Numeral

For example, to find numerals in the plural, use the following CQL tag: [tag="t..f."]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class t numeral
2 Category f alpha
o numeric
p percentage
3 Gender k masculine
v feminine
4 Case h neuter
4 Number e singular
f plural
5 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive

Verb (except for past participle)

For example, to find all verbs in the 2nd person singular present active indicative forms, use the following CQL tag: [tag="sfg2en"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class s verb (except for past participle)
2 Mood n infinitive
b imperative
f indicative
3 Gender v subjunctive
s supine
4 Case l present participle
3 Voice g active
m middle
4 Person 1 1st person
2 2nd person
3 3rd person,
5 Number e singular
f plural
6 Tense n present
þ past

Verb (past participle)

For example, to find all past participle verb forms in the nominative, use the following CQL tag: [tag="sþ.*n"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class s verb (past participle)
2 Mood þ past participle
3 Voice g active
m middle
4 Gender k masculine
v feminine
h neuter
5 Number e singular
f plural
6 Case n nominative
o accusative
þ dative
e genitive

Adverb and preposition

For example, to find all superlative forms of adverbs/prepositions, use the following CQL tag: [tag="a.e"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class a adverb and preposition
2 Category a does not govern case
u exclamation
o governs accusative
þ governs dative
e governs genitive
3 Degree m comparative
e superlative

Conjunction

For example, to find all relative conjunctions, use the following CQL tag: [tag="ct"]

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class c conjunction
2 Category n sign of infinitive
t relative conjunction,

Foreign word

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class e foreign word

Unanalyzed word

Order Category/Feature Tag Value
1 Word class x unanalyzed word

Reference

Github repository of IceNLP toolkit: https://github.com/hrafnl/icenlp

Icelandic corpus

Use Sketch Engine to analyze Icelandic web corpus.

or