arTenTen: Corpus of the Arabic Web

The Arabic Web Corpus (arTenTen) is a language corpus made up of texts collected from the Internet. The corpus belongs to the TenTen corpus family which is a set of the web corpora built using the same method with a target size 10+ billion words. Sketch Engine currently provides access to TenTen corpora in more than 40 languages.

Detailed information about TenTen corpora is on the separate page Common TenTen corpora attributes.

The most recent version of the arTenTen corpus consists of 4.6 billion words. The texts were downloaded between May and August 2018. The sample texts of the biggest web domains which account for 46% of all corpus texts were checked semi-manually and content with poor quality text and spam was removed.

Part-of-speech tagset

The Arabic Web corpus 2018 is part-of-speech tagged with the POS CAMeL tagset indicating the part of speech and grammatical category. The corpus texts also contain lemmatization when each word form from the corpus is assigned to its base form (lemma). Both level of annotation is created by the CAMeL tools.

The Arabic Web 2012 corpus is only part-of-speech tagged by the Standford Arabic parser with the following POS tagset summary.

Genre annotation and topic classification

A part of the Arabic Web 2018 corpus contains genre annotation and topic classification. These can be displayed as corpus structures in Concordance or in the Text type Analysis tool. Genres refer to writing styles and are divided into four groups (blog, discussion, legal, news) whereas topic classification is inspired by categories used by (formerly and includes the following topics: arts, beauty & women, cars, finance & business, health, history, nature & environment, reference, religion, sports, technology & IT, and travel & tourism.

  • genres cover 15.57% of the corpus, i.e. 831 million tokens
  • topic classification covers 5,96% of the corpus, i.e. 318 million tokens

Hover over the chart to display a number of tokens of the particular topic.

Overview of Arabic TenTen corpora

This is a list of Arabic Web corpora available in Sketch Engine:

  • Arabic Web corpus 2018 (arTenTen18) – 4.6 billion words, PoS tagging and lemmatization, genre annotation and topic classification, processed by the set of CAMeL tools
  • Arabic Web corpus 2012 (arTenTen12) – 7.4 billion words, PoS tagging only, processed by Stanford tagger
  • Arabic Web 2012 sample (arTenTen12) – 115-million-word corpus processed by Madamira tagger

arTenTen corpus in detail

The chart shows the distribution of the parts of speech in the Arabic Web corpus 2018.

Basic frequencystatistics of the Arabic Web 2018 corpus

Tokens 5,341,978,851
Words 4,637,956,234
Sentences 201,258,988
Web pages 14,546,247

Tools to work with these Arabic corpora from the web

A complete set of Sketch Engine tools is available to work with Arabic corpora to generate:

  • word sketch – Arabic collocations categorized by grammatical relations
  • thesaurus – synonyms and similar words for every word
  • keywords – terminology extraction of one-word units
  • word lists – lists of Arabic nouns, verbs, adjectives etc. organized by frequency
  • n-grams – frequency list of multi-word units
  • concordance – examples in context
  • text type analysis – statistics of metadata in the corpus

Arabic Web 2018 (February 2018)

  • initial size – 4.6 billion words
  • processed by CAMeL tools (part-of-speech tagging and lemmatization)
  • advanced cleaning and spam removing
  • genre annotation and topic classification

Stanford version (August 2015)

  • tokenized and tagged with Stanford NLP Tools

word sketch version (fall 2014)

  • created and implemented word sketches for Arabic

initial version (April 2012)

  • initial size – 5.8 billion words
  • part-of-speech (POS) tagged and lemmatized with the MADA tool
    We have also created ‘word sketches’: one-page, automatic, corpus-derived summaries of a
    word’s grammatical and collocational behavior. We use examples to demonstrate what the corpus can
    show us regarding Arabic words and phrases and how this can support lexicography and inform
    linguistic research.

Arts, T., Belinkov, Y., Habash, N., Kilgarriff, A., & Suchomel, V. (2014). arTenTen: Arabic Corpus and Word SketchesJournal of King Saud University-Computer and Information Sciences26(4), 357-371.

Belinkov, Y., Habash, N., Kilgarriff, A., Ordan, N., Roth, R., & Suchomel, V. (2013). arTenTen: a new, vast corpus for ArabicProceedings of WACL.

TenTen corpora

Jakubíček, M., Kilgarriff, A., Kovář, V., Rychlý, P., & Suchomel, V. (2013, July). The TenTen corpus family. In 7th International Corpus Linguistics Conference CL (pp. 125-127).

Suchomel, V., & Pomikálek, J. (2012). Efficient web crawling for large text corpora. In Proceedings of the seventh Web as Corpus Workshop (WAC7) (pp. 39-43).

Search the Arabic corpus

Sketch Engine offers a range of tools to work with this Arabic corpus.

Concordance from arTenTen Arabic corpus


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