Polish is one of the many languages whose text corpora are included in Sketch Engine, a tool for discovering how language works. Sketch Engine is designed for linguists, lexicologists, lexicographers, researchers, translators, terminologists, teachers and students working with Polish to easily discover what is typical and frequent in the language and to notice phenomena which would go unnoticed without a large sample of Polish text.

Sketch Engine has tools to identify and analyse collocations, synonyms and antonyms, examples of use in context, keywords or terms. Frequency word lists of Polish single-word or multi-word expressions of various types can be generated. Even users without any technical knowledge can create their own Polish corpus using the Sketch Engine's intuitive built-in tool.

Tools to work with Polish text corpora

To work with the Polish language, Sketch Engine offers the following tools:

Polish Word Sketch

Word Sketch is the easiest way to get an at-a-glance overview of a word’s behaviour. Collocations are displayed in categorized lists to identify strong and weak collocates easily. more»

Available Word Sketches for user corpora: Full-featured Sketch grammar.

Word Sketch difference will compare two word sketches and will indicate which collocates tend to combine with one word or the other. The information can be used to avoid mistakes in word choice or to study the differences between two words with a similar meaning. more»

Polish concordance

The concordancer included in Sketch Engine can be used to display a list of examples (called concordance) of the search word or phrase as it appears in Polish language text corpora. The search will display the keyword with some context to the right and context to the left of the keyword (KWIC concordance). more»

Polish term extraction

Terminology extraction is a feature of Sketch Engine which automatically identifies single-word and multi-word terms in a subject-specific Polish text by comparing it to a general Polish corpus. The tool is aimed at translators, terminologists, ESP teachers and anyone who needs to deal with domain texts. The screen with results includes links to example sentences and Wikipedia definitions. more»

Bilingual term extraction

Parallel corpora are used to extract terms in two languages simultaneously and display a terminology list with translations into the other language. more»

Polish thesaurus

The thesaurus is a feature that automatically generates a list of words similar in meaning to the keyword. more»

Polish word lists

The word list feature will generate a frequency list of all words that appear in a text or corpus. A very large corpus can be used to generate a list of all words that exist in Polish or all words that start, contain or end with specific characters. Advanced options can be used to generate lists of grammatical categories or parts of speech used in a corpus together with their frequencies. more»

N-grams in Polish

Generating a list of N-grams contained in a text makes it possible to identify and study patterns and notice phenomena related to multi-word units (MWU) in Polish that cannot be detected by other tools. more»

List of available Polish corpora

  • trial – available to both trial users as well as paying subscribers
  • main – only available to paying subscribers
  • on demand – access to the corpus is subject to specific terms, click the corpus name for details
CorpusAccess policySize in words
Araneum Polonicum Maius [2013] main 595,768,667
BIBLE Polish-Swahili main 138,216
CHILDES Polish Corpus main 1,041,300
DGT-Translation Memory parallel – Polish main 44,149,107
ELEXIS Polish Web 2019 main 987,945,132
ELEXIS Polish Web 2019 (plTenTen19) WSD sample main 1,971,906
EUR-Lex 2/2016 parallel – Polish trial 360,862,149
EUR-Lex judgments 12/2016 parallel – Polish trial 18,799,551
Europarl spoken parallel – Polish trial 13,034,164
Europarl spoken parallel – Polish open 13,034,164
Gutenberg Polish 2020 main 421,318
Open Parallel Corpus (OPUS) – Polish main 208,008,636
OpenSubtitles 2018 parallel – Polish main 496,167,686
ParlaTalk Poland parliamentary debates (upper house) trial 20,409,110
Polish Drama Corpus main 117,230
Polish language of the 1960s main 546,042
Polish Parliamentary Corpus (PPC) main 553,858,723
Polish parliamentary debates (ParlaMint 2.1) trial 26,619,472
Polish parliamentary debates (ParlaMint 2.1, CoNLL format) trial 26,882,964
Polish Trends trial 543,810,951
Polish Web (PolishWac, Morfeusz and TaKIPI tagger) main 103,028,410
Polish Web 2012 (plTenTen12, RFTagger) main 7,715,835,214
Polish Web 2012 sample (plTenTen12) main 45,208,497
Polish Web 2019 (plTenTen19) trial 4,253,636,443
Timestamped JSI web corpus 2014-2016 Polish trial 157,930,228
Timestamped JSI web corpus 2014-2021 Polish main 973,863,152
Timestamped JSI web corpus 2021-03 Polish main 38,911,481
Timestamped JSI web corpus 2021-04 Polish main 28,676,001